koi4u-2011 facebook  koi4u-2011 hoogland
You are here: HomeGeneral ArticlesPond Construction

Pond Construction

Pouring The Concrete


When you come to the point where it is time to pour the concrete base, it is also time to reflect for a moment to make sure everything is ready.

Last Updated on Friday, 20 February 2009 20:13


Shaping The Base


When the base is in place and the walls build up to a certain level the floor can be shaped or benched. Some people feels that it is not necessary to shape the floor, stating that if the return flows into the pond is angled correctly, waste will be forced towards the bottom drains. It may be true in some cases, but I have yet to see a pond with a level floor that do not have an accumulation of waste matter at one place or the other. The motto should be: “Do it right first time!” Believe me; to change any aspect of a pond’s design after the pond has been stocked is expensive and frustrating. Housing fish in temporarily accommodation while you effect changes, more often than not leads to complications and losses.

Last Updated on Sunday, 15 February 2009 21:50


Getting The Levels Right


When sufficient progress has been made with the excavation work for the pond, it will be necessary to determine the levels. The most important thing to consider is the height that you want the final water level of the pond to be. Every measurement will be taken from that specific point, even the levels that must be determined later like the filter system

Last Updated on Sunday, 15 February 2009 14:13


The Concrete Base


There are many ways to design and construct a concrete base for a pond. The specific design will depend on various factors, but mainly on the skill and experience of the pond builder. The base can be constructed in layers or as a single cast base. A more advanced method includes the curved bottom. All these will be demonstrated individually in this article. Benching the floor will be discussed elsewhere in this series.

Last Updated on Saturday, 14 February 2009 23:02


Digging the Pond



Now you have done your homework and considered all the options. The excavation area has been marked and adjustments have been made. Adjustments always happen, don’t worry. It is time to bring the spades or if you can get it to the site, an excavator. For various reasons, a pond should be as deep as possible in South Africa. The reason may be from ensuring temperature stability, protection against extreme climate and larger volume of water to keep the fish in. There are also different views on the effect of pond depth on the development of the fish, but the advantages of a deep pond are so obvious that it makes the whole debate about development of Koi in deep or shallow ponds obsolete.

Last Updated on Sunday, 08 February 2009 21:23


Designing a pond

The design of the pond entails more than just a conceptualisation of how the aesthetics should be. The design must of course include the type of pond, whether formal or informal. It should take into consideration what effect you wish to create. It can either blend in with the garden, or the building style of the main residence. It can also be a combination of both where the pond looks like an extension of the garden, gradually changing the effect until it blends in with the buildings. This must be artfully done or the pond may eventually end up looking like it was haphazardly flung together with the owner changing his mind halfway through construction.

Last Updated on Sunday, 08 February 2009 01:30


Marking the site


Now that you have considered all the pros and cons of where to place the pond, you may also have a fairly good idea of the preferred shape, size, depth and style of the pond. The decision whether the pond will be above ground level, partly above ground level or completely below ground should also be considered at this stage. Normally it is an advantage to draw the outline of the garden on a sheet of graph paper and then to draw the outline of the pond and filter system.

Last Updated on Sunday, 08 February 2009 01:18


Planning a Pond

Building a Koi pond is not easy, but the rewards of having a well-constructed Koi pond are immeasurable.  As in any endeavor, success in building a Koi pond depends on careful planning and execution.  It can however be a humbling experience when you don’t know what you are doing. Even experienced Koi keepers will admit that if they can do it over again, they will do it differently

There was a programme on BBC a while ago where a group of people attempted to construct a Koi pond in a few days. This group consisted of experts on various disciplines and managed to convince the viewers that they have reached the deadline on time. A few weeks later they publicly admitted that the whole process was a disaster.

When potential hobbyists want to build a Koi pond, most of them are under the impression that you can do it on the spur of the moment and I have seen a lot of cases where they grab a spade and start digging without essential planning. Some of them succeed in ending up with a nice goldfish pond, while others end up with a nice hole in the garden. No water, no fish and very despondent. Another category of future hobbyists, end up with a pond that is not nearly suitable for Koi and eventually give up. The last handful of people is the ones getting advice from senior club members, they visit many ponds and also get assistance from professionals.

Last Updated on Saturday, 14 February 2009 23:07


Page 2 of 2